Six Sigma Green Belt DMAIC Methodology

Six Sigma is a quality improvement or problem solving methodology. Six Sigma was developed by Motorola in the year 1986. The Goal of Six Sigma is to improve quality by improving the processes and the output by removing and identifying the causes of defects and errors by minimising variability in manufacturing and business processes. In simple terms Six Sigma means the products produced have almost perfect quality. Six Sigma focusses on 3.4 defects per millions products.

Six Sigma DMAIC methodology :

DMAIC is the most important tool used in the Six Sigma process. Each letter stands for the specific stage in this process tool.

D stands for Define stage in the DMAIC methodology –

In the Define stage the project targets and deliverables both external and internal are defined. This phase is all about defining the problem and the goals of improvement activity. In this phase the team answers the question “What is Important for the business”?

M stands for Measure stage in the DMAIC methodology-

This phase involves the measuring of the existing system. In this phase the team identifies the data that is available and its source. They develop a plan to collate it, do the actual data collection and summarise it. In this phase the team answers the question “ How are we doing with the current process”?

A stands for Analyse stage –

In this phase the team analyse the process to identifies ways to eliminate the gap between the current performance and the desired goals. The team uses statistical data analysis techniques to arrive at validated root cause of the problem. In this phase the team answers the question “ What is wrong with the current process?”

I stands for Improve phase –

This phase is all about proposing and selecting a solution to improve the system. This is the stage where the team has to become creative in finding new ways to do things better, cheaper or faster. In this phase team answers the question “ What needs to be done to improve the process?”

C stands for Control phase –

In this phase the team implements the solutions and transfers the ownership to the responsible owner. The team puts a control plan in place to monitor on going performance.

iACT Global is a well known brand in the field of training and certification. We offer courses like Six Sigma focusing on the DMAIC methodology to help individuals and organisations achieve high standard of quality in their products and service offerings. These course help individuals and organisation excel.

The Effect of Material Management Technique on Production Planning Process

This article will talk about the effect of Material Management technique on production planning process.  Material management is an approach that is closely integrated with various processes such as purchasing, planning, warehousing or storage, stock-keeping and materials movement from point A to point B. In other words, it’s a management process of material involving purchasing, storage control and transportation.

Due to the rapid growth and industrial development that the 20th century has seen, the” Traditional 5M’s which are Machine, Material, Manpower, Money and Management” have been effectively managed.

The industrial revolution that took place made the material(s) the largest element of costs in any organization. Many firms in the 20th century started recognizing the importance of material and other material activities such as purchasing, warehousing or storage, stock control and the distribution process that is carried out by the organization.

Till the year 1950, organizations had identified the need for effective coordination or integration of such material activities (mentioned above) and material organization tools concept, which includes physical distribution movement, logistic movement and material management. This was a way to check, coordinate and control the organization’s activities related to materials.

At a global level, there is no definition that defines material management very clearly.

Here are a few points to keep in mind for material management:

  1. Identification, classification and stocks coordination
  2. Provision, controlling the inventory and stress accounting
  3. Organizing the warehouse and its layout
  4. Distributing and handling in house storage
  5. Materials in the store should be properly presented

As we have mentioned above that there are no global definition for material management, an organization has to use the most suitable or appropriate technique that works best for them. It has to be implemented in the most effective way to ensure the cost is consistent with the service provided.

As per the American Production and Inventory Control Society (APICS) material management technique and production is grouping of management function related to the complete cycle of material flow from the purchase and internal control of work in the latter term, traditionally is limited to internal control of production materials.

Upon looking at the above definition, we can easily see that they are not different from each other but there is some difference in their approach and terminology.

For a detailed understanding of the process, please contact iACT Global.

Training and Development in Human Resource Management


Training and Development are two strong pillars for Human Resource Management (HRM). These two areas of Human Resource Management focus on an individual progress to do the specific job well in the organisation and also ensure that the individual keeps growing within the organisation.

What is Training in Human Resource Management (HRM)?

Training simply put refers to providing skills to the employee so that he can do the job efficiently and effectively. So training is a planned process by the organisation which aims at increasing the knowledge, skill and ability of the employee for doing the job well.


Training Process – the training process in an organisation involves these steps:

  1. Needs Analysis – Identifies the training needs of an employee. This can be done through Task Analysis and Performance Analysis. In task analysis focus is on the elements involved in performing the task. In Performance Analysis focus is on the deficiency of an employee to perform well and how that can be corrected through training.
  2. Designing the training method- The organisation can use various training methods depending on their requirement and validity for the organisation. Training methods usually used are: Induction training, On the Job Training, Off the job Training, E-Learning and Simulation Training.
  3. Validation process – The Training methods need to be validated if they are working well for the employee and employee is showing better performance. This validation process can be done on a sample of employees.
  4. Implementation – It’s the easiest step as the training needs to now be implemented.
  5. Evaluation – the most important step in training process. This step checks whether all the efforts put in the training are a success or not. If the employee is performing well after the training than that means training process is a success.

Development in Human Resource Management refers to preparing an employee to handle more responsibility and challenge himself. Development is all about shaping the attitude of an employee so that he grows within the organisation and does well for himself and the organisation as a whole. For development of an employee its imperative that the supervisor monitors the progress of a subordinate well.

iACT Global offers courses in Training and Development which can be utilized by both individuals and organisation for mutual success. iACT Global helps an organisation to understand the importance of training and development as a deciding factor to ensure the employees utilize their full potential and stay happy and focused in the organisation. A happy employee means a happy organisation.